Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
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Coloniae Allobrogum (i.e. Geneva) C. & A. Philibert 1760. 2nd "Jesuits" Ed. in 3 vols. Quarto. With the ownership bookplate of Sir Everard Home. Text in Latin & French. 548 422 and 703pp. which includes the index for all three volumes. Vol. 1. Half-title p.384 mis-numbered 376 title-page in black and red. Volumes 2 & 3 in black only. Vol. 2. Small corner tears to p.59 & p.369. Vol. 3. P.632 mis-numbered 602 and printer's error at the end of part two of vol. 3 the contents page is numbered 75 verso 76 and the beginning of part three is numbered 75 verso 76. Crease to half-title and title page bound in contemporary calf early rebacking to all three volumes with the original gilt spines laid down inter-mitten browning to text. The text is based on that of the third edition the last edition Newton edited before his death the following year. The 3rd Volume also contains additional commentary chosen from prize winning essays which were submitted in 1724 to the Academie des Sciences to resolve the problem of the tidal effects of gravity: "Traite sur le flux et reflux de la mer" by Professor Daniel Bernoully (1700-1782) pages 133-246. "De causa physica fluxus et refluzus maris" by mathematician Colin MacLaurin (1698-1746) pages 247-282 and "Inquisitio physica in causam fluxus et refluxus maris" by Professor Leonhard Euler (1707-1783) pages 283-274. There is also a long Introduction to Newton's Lunar Theory pages 537-677. With its rich editorial content extensive summaries and detailed index the Jesuit edition remains the most ambitious and perhaps the most useful edition ever published. (R. Ted Steinbock catalogue and exhibition). Provenance: Sir Everard Home 1st Baronet FRS (b. Hull 6 May 1756; d. 31 August 1832 in London) was a British Physician. He published prolifically on human and animal anatomy and gave the Croonian Lecture to the Royal Society many times between 1793 and 1829. He also contributed to a treatise on structure of urethra ulcers of the leg cancer and diseases of the prostate. A recipient gold medal lyceum Medicum Londenense and Fellow Royal Master. NOTE: Following the pioneer researches of Galileo in the study of motion and its mathematical analysis and the important contributions of Descartes and Huygens the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century culminated in the massive achievements of Newton in dynamics and gravitational astronomy. Kepler's law of planetary motion came to be gradually accepted in the latter half of the century and unsuccessful attempts were made to account for them in terms of a central force emanating from the sun. The dependence of such a force on the inverse square of the distance was suggested by Robert Hooke in particular but neither he nor his scientific colleagues in London could prove that Kepler's law follow mathematically from a law of this form. Halley put the problem to Newton who showed that his Law of Gravity would cause a planet to move in an ellipse about the sun as focus. Halley then saw Newton's mathematical analysis of motion through the press and also bore the cost of printing the Royal Society's funds having been depleted. Newton's new principles were based on his own innovations in mathematics. He showed that the dramatic aspects of nature that were subject to the universal law of gravitation could be explained in mathematical terms within a single physical theory. His work provides a great synthesis of the cosmos and proves it physical unity. Newton's scientific views were not seriously challenged until Planck's quantum theory and Einstein's theories of relativity but his principles and methods remain essential for the solution of many scientific problems. This work remains the most important in the history of science.
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